Разделительные вопросы, они же вопросы с хвостиком, а по-английски tag questions или disjunctive questions, обычно не вызывают вопросов.

Но я вижу здесь одну причину – их используют меньше, чем остальные типы вопросов.

А зря!

С ними ваша речь становится более богатой, разнообразной и выразительной. Поэтому давайте все же разберем эту тему.


Tag questions — это вопрос не с целью получить ответ, это вопрос, заданный, чтобы получить подтверждение своим словам. Хвостики — это переспрос, который создан, чтобы вывести вашего собеседника на дополнительный разговор или реакцию.

Представьте ситуацию – вы разговариваете с кем-либо и вроде как знаете, о чем идет речь, но необходимо уточнение. В таком случае вопрос с хвостиком будет уместен как никогда

  • The bus stop is over there, isn’t it? – Автобусная остановка вон там, так?
  • I’m never on time, am I? — Я никогда не прихожу вовремя, да?
  • She isn’t so awful, is she? – Не такая уж она и ужасная, правда?
  • You don’t eat sweets, do you? – Ты же не ешь сладости?
  • We got some milk, didn’t we?- У нас было немого молока, не так ли?

Главной особенностью таких вопросов является наличие двух частей – главной и хвостика. Хвостик всегда связан с главной частью; он зависит от того, какая форма глагола используется в предложении. Если в главной части стоит, например, do, то и в хвостике будет этот же глагол, только в отрицательной форме (то есть с частицей not). В итоге в разделительной части мы получим глагол don’t.

Если же в главной мы используем глагол с отрицательной частицей not, то в хвостике, наоборот, будет утвердительный глагол do.

  • It doesn’t work, does it? – Эта штуковина не работает, не так ли?
  • Michael goes swimming twice a week, doesn’t he? — Майкл ходит занимается плаванием дважды в неделю.

Это же правило применимо и к остальным временным формам глаголов.

  • They won’t report us, will they? – Нам не сообщат, да?
  • She is going to drive herself, isn’t she? – Она собирается вести машину сама, не так ли?
  • So you haven’t heard any noise, have you? – Получается, вы не слышали никакого шума, так?
  • I’m good at programming, aren’t I? – У меня хорошо получается программирование, правда? (Здесь стоит обратить внимание на форму глагола в хвостике. Допустимо использовать am I not, но тогда это будет звучать ну уж очень формально, поэтому в большинстве случаев все же используют aren’t I. Или совсем разговорный вариант ain’t I. Но это уже тема отдельной публикации:))

Более детально изучить тему Tag Questions (и множество других тем) можно на моей образовательной платформе

English Intensive https://englishintensive.ru/ . Присоединяйтесь!


You want to speak English well, don’t you?:)

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Александра Радченко Я Александра,
а это мой блог!

Я люблю английский язык, а еще больше я люблю помогать другим понимать этот прекрасный и интересный язык :)